When my lecturer asked, "Why doctor usually be illustrated by a man, and cooking activity usually woman?" I directly remembered a discussion about the sexist of translation machine; for example, Google Translate: Click Here to Read. Then, I found an article titled The Use and Evolution of Gender-Neutral Language in an Intentional Community written by Jolane Flaningan. By looking at the title, I imagine that it will discuss something I told before, and also the solution; for example, as I know, the use of Mx. as a gender-neutral honorific: Click Here to Read

Today's problem, when most of the people considering to respect the diversity of personal values; including sexual and/or gender orientation, make it important to discuss gender-neutral language. In addition, this article was published in 2013, years before the amendment of LGBT+ marriage legalization in America; as the writer was from Rocky Mountain College, Montana, USA. 

By its title, of course, it focused on sexist language, culture, feminist identity, and neutral pronoun. It also gives a discussion about the use of "co" as a gender-neutral pronoun. Sometimes, I think that we need gender-neutral language (especially pronoun) to end up the awkwardness to greet someone, whether I should say, "He" or "She". It said that "Co means he, she, his, hers, him, and her."

I remember, after signed-up to Instagram, it asked whether I prefer to be called "He", "She", or "They" to show it in the notification. This article cited (Baron, 1986; Miller & Swift, 1977) about what it said "They" as a gender-neutral pronoun or the use of both: s/he or she or he. However, because it gives a discourse of the use of "co" pronoun, it mainly referred to Twin Oaks community, they who use it.

The references actually trustworthy, while unfortunately one of the important source titled Leaves of Twin Oaks (1971) was written by unknown. Despite that thing, It will easily help us as a reader to understand the use of "co" pronoun. It is simple actually. The problem is it is used by a small community, not the world. Farther is to bring it into reform strategies, for example political.

Overall, Woman and Language journal, the journal containing this, has a nice appearance. It different with the others flat-layouted paper. It has font-variation and space to put an emphasis. Love it!

In 2017, an article of conversation between Sian Bayne and Petar Jandric was published by Addleton Academic Publisher in Knowledge Cultures journal; the title is From Anthropocentric Humanism To Critical Posthuman in Digital Education. They talked about posthumanism and the relation with human learning.

Bayne is the author of The Manifesto for teaching online (2016; as Digital Education Group). She is a professor of Digital Education, the background of hers includes English literature, digitization, museum heritage, and open education. They were talking not only based on The Manifesto but also referring to Prensky's Digital native, digital immigrant (2001).

They discussed that posthumanism is important as education should see the human as the transcendent observer of the world instead of entangled with it. They also talk about cyborg and the uncanniness of digital learning, the approach, and the digital experiences of social topologies distance of students. They see no more privilege to the on-campus learning while online can be better; they call it digital privilege.

Digital education implicates learning as we already know, as simple as, that artificial intelligence like Siri and Google Translate machine are widely used. Today we live in a cyberspace with the algorithm and its uncanniness that digital society is an inevitability.

When I watched Nowhere Boy, I see just a rebel teen who wants to be as cool as Elvis. Elvis was well-known as a man broke the racial wall, but I think Lennon only loved him just because he was cool. Through time, Lennon changed; mature, and wise. He was no more obsessed with the coolness but consciously shout for peace. At the time after The Beatles, John Lennon became such an anti-war activist. 

The fact that pop artist may give some influences is interesting. How tough he refuses to be liked or loved for his values or idealism, he will face the fact that some of his fans only love him just because he is cool, cute, or something. Although the number of mass may be something precious. He can utilize them to move them into his values or idealism.

Anti-war, Woodstock 1969, and Flower child is such a nice branding of activism. That discourse of anti-war wouldn't be that huge if it's not included aestheticism and communities' experiences. Some people came because of the value, they already into it. But maybe, some of them just intended to get music vacation and weeds. If someone has a big affective into Jimmy Hendrix's music, he will learn his idol, goes into the body and the soul of his idol. Because it brings a value, they will, probably, plunge into it. 

The activist may already know this as a strategy to gather and move the people. Activism needs a pop division. Idea meaning nothing without mass. In order to build community, people outside the discourse need to be baited with something aesthetic and cool that the activism will be stronger with more people. Whether or not they go deep into the discourse, it's matterless, but education also important that it won't be valueless. 

This division not only works with the pop star in the music scene but also anything in the pop culture: visual arts, merchandises, anything. Some arts represent some activism value, for example, stencil and graffiti or maybe a collage work. It also works in merchandise like a style of fashion or graphic on a T-Shirt just to justify someone is a part of communities.

In addition, this kind of strategy works not only on non-profit activism but also political winning and advertisement of some products. It's cool I think.

Sylvia Pantaleo from the University of Victoria, Canada wrote an article titled Language, Literacy and Visual Texts in 2015. It was published in English in Education Journal, 2015. This article tells us that the learning process will affect students' responses, understanding, interpretation, and analysis of images if the teacher focuses on visual design and composition.

Horst Waldemar Janson, a professor of art history and also known as the publisher of History of Art once said that art has been called a visual dialogue, for it expresses its creator’s imagination; and we need active participation. If we cannot literally talk to a work of art, we can at least learn how to respond to it. Arts focused on visual design and composition actually a text semiotically bringing meanings.

It finds that students need to be developed at their visual skills that they can analyze and interpret any communications with visual media. The understanding will help the students to face their examination, affect their comprehension, analysis, interpretation, and help to design.

This article gives more understanding of visual texts and semiotics. To ELT and other learning processes, it will help the teachers to build a learning media utilize the visual tools such as colours, line, point of view, typography, layout, framing and border, also speech bubble and balloons. Thus, the students (visual-based learners) can learn easier.
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