A BLOG BY

ADHY NUGROHO



Started to utilize unused audio from my unintended interviews -- well, it was not very unintended actually -- I make it into music (only if you call it 'music'). So here, I give you the non-aesthetic music I uploaded to Soundcloud.


You can also listen to the other tracks.



From 2012, I had already uploaded some tracks on my Soundcloud. My first track on my page, at that time, was me playing with some loops. I also had uploaded some poems. But I deleted all of those. About 5 months ago, I rebuild my page. I collect any sound from the internet and I make such kind of audio collage. Recently, to maximize my discourse producing sounds, I make visual addition and uploaded it to my Youtube channel.



Here I tell you a bit of my life story related to my progress of making pictures. As you can see, I don't make any improvement in my 8 years making stuff. Poor me.




Some people believe that printed book is the authentic book best for telling (as the writer) and getting (as the reader) the substance of the idea. However, as the technology being developed, books also evolve. Digital book provide some characteristics that alike to printed, such as flexibelity and closeness. In addition, digital book enhanced the printed one as it has some features printed book does not have.

In the article titled Picture Books In The Digital Age, written by Frank Serafini, Danielle Kachorsky, and Earl Aguilera, it is given some challenges and possibility from digital picture books used for learning. But before it is discussing about those, this article gives the kinds and characteristics of each kinds.

The first kind of digital picture book is Tableu. It is similar to printed book but responsive and fit to the screen. Sometimes, it looks like 2-pages spread printed book in the screen. The second is Transitional. This kind of digital books give varieties of transitions. The last is Interactive. As its name, it is possible to the reader to interact to the other real things. The three of them can also provide sounds, outer links, and some options of setting.

The challenge from digital picture book for learning is distraction. Some of features can easily distract the reader to the content of the book, such as game-thing and some useless. The second is that some of them only provide one thing in a screen; it is not placed together with the others. On the other word it is displayed separately.

However, digital picture book has privileges printed book does not. It has multimodality of sounds, music, narrative, and outer link. Because of that, teacher can use variety method to teach their students. This is an important thing we should not refuse that technology is developing. Teaching medias also adapt, and teacher should prepare it wisely.




In the previous post, I had discussed about gender neutral pronoun. Today I will discuss about the picture of the textbooks. In the last discussion, I quoted a question from my lecturer "Why doctor usually be illustrated by a man, and cooking activity usually woman?" When my lecturer talked about the possibility to do research about sexism in our textbooks, I found that it is an interesting thing to do. Until I found a paper titled Representation of Gender in English Textbooks in Indonesia. This paper was written by Fadhila Yonata and Yan Mujiyanto, from Semarang State University. My first impression in my head was "Our society must be so patriarchy", but is it true?

This paper started from the belief that it is an urgency to talk about gender equality in education. As the writers consider that it is an international issue, they build the introduction from the roots; Lakoff (1973) that revealed the women condition which is lower than man became a starter to some authorities to reframe education process. Then, UNESCO held convention producing a term Education For All. Until today, it becomes something necessary to be given an attention.

The most important thing here is that the textbooks have power and opportunity to bring values and norm that believed as a correctness. This paper also gives an information about a possibility the learner, consciously or not, build such kind of interaction and make input from it.

From two books as sample, Bahasa Inggris and Aim High, they found that males are dominating females in the exercises and images part. The books produce the male character as privileged in education, social, and outdoor activities. For example, in Education activity, Bahasa Inggris has 15 males playing the role and 9 females. In Science and Engineering, there are 5 males playing the role and 0 females. On the other hand, Aim High equal in Education activity, and 2 males-3 females in Engineering.

This paper provides a lot of discussions and the evidence about stereotyping among gender. Ultimately, my first thought nearly right, we are still in this patriarchy space. That gender determines (in expression stage) education, social status, or activities is still perpetuated. Finally, it suggests the stakeholders to provide the suitable main source of English textbooks, and the teacher's management in the classroom to equalize gender roles through selecting appropriate materials.
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