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ADHY NUGROHO

Jamaican Creole

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In 2006, Otelemate G. Harry from University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica wrote an article titled Jamaican Creole. It was published in the Journal of the International Phonetic Association. This article describes some important aspects of the synchronic phonetics and phonology of Jamaican Creole. Jamaican Creole, also known as 'Patwa', is one of the primary creoles in the Caribbean.

As a phonological study, this article focuses on the findings of vowels, consonant, also intonation and prosody that distinguish. This article refers to Dictionary of Jamaican English (1967/1980) by Frederic G. Cassidy. He was well-known as a professor who advocated Jamaican language. This article also refers to the other publications that had been published before such as Studies in Caribbean Language (1983) by Carter, Jamaican Pronunciation in London (1973) by Wells.

It shows that there is a difference between Eastern and Western Jamaica in the [h] usage. It also found that there are labialisation and palatalisation before a back vowel followed by a non-back vowel, and also weakening and neutralisation of consonants. Some long vowels in this creole are represented as a sequence of short vowels, and mid vowels cannot occur within a syllable.

This article gives more understanding of the sociolinguistic study for the students. In this case is Atlantic English-lexifier creoles in Jamaica.
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